Pediatric Infectious Diseases in India
This is the first in a series of five posts leading up to my trip to India to examine issues of child survival with the International Reporting Project via Johns Hopkins University with significant funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. For the duration of the trip, I am to consider my self a New Media Journalist with IRP.
Infectious diseases are common all over the world. You probably know them as generally communicable diseases of bacterial, viral or protozoan origin that will enter the body and infect it, causing illness and sometimes leading to death, especially if the body is weakened by malnutrition or stressful environmental factors.
Respiratory Diseases in India (Pneumonia and Tuberculosis)
Image: Incidence of childhood clinical pneumonia at the country level from WHO
This page is part of Pediatric Infectious Diseases in India post
I will limit this discussion to pneumonia and tuberculosis (which isn’t solely respiratory) for the sake of brevity.
Pneumonia is the leading global killer of children under five, responsible for almost 1.6 million deaths per year. In that vulnerable population, it is a disease of poverty and occurs most commonly when a child’s still-developing defense system is weakened by malnutrition, air pollution, co-infections with HIV/AIDS and measles, and low birthweight, with 43 million cases for children in India alone.
Pneumonia occurs when the sacs of the lungs, known as alveoli, become filled with pus and fluid, limiting oxygen intake and making it hard to breathe.
10 years ago Blog, Health, Travel • Tags: antibiotics, CDC, disease resistance, India, International Reporting Project, Klebsiella, Legionella, pneumonia, respiratory diseases, Salmonella, tuberculosis, WHO